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Taking care of the Bahamian sea for the next generation / Alannah Vellacott

Kara Jamie Norton

Alannah Vellacott is a Bahamian marine ecologist who has spent the past decade working in ocean research, conservation, and education in The Bahamas and the Caribbean. Currently, she is the Coral Restoration Specialist at Coral Vita and a member of Diving With a Purpose.

Image 漏 Photo credit: Alannah Vellacott

Kara Jamie Norton

Image 漏 Photo credit: Alannah Vellacott

Throughout Alannah Vellacott鈥檚 life, there were key experiences that were vital to fostering the dedication she currently has for wildlife and the ocean.

Alannah received a full scholarship to attend the Island School in Eleuthera and participate in a six-month paid internship at the Cape Eleuthera Institute. This experience launched Alannah鈥檚 career in marine research and conservation. Since then, she has worked and volunteered for a number of environmental organizations, including the Cape Eleuthera Institute, BREEF, the Bahamas National Trust, Community Conch, The Nature Conservancy, and, most recently, the Perry Institute for Marine Science.

The shallow waters in The Bahamas are home to an abundance of shipwrecks. Alannah is a member of Diving With a Purpose, an organization specializing in the documentation and protection of African slave trade shipwrecks 路 Photo credit: Cristina Mittermeier

With 17 years of experience in diving, Alannah has travelled widely throughout The Bahamas and the Caribbean working on a variety of marine research and outreach projects. Some of her experiences include conducting AGRRA coral and fish surveys, establishing coral nurseries, outplanting nursery-grown corals to coral reefs, and even shipwreck mapping and blue hole ethnography.

Alannah has recently teamed up with other Bahamian activists and Only One to speak out against the exploratory oil drilling taking place in The Bahamas.

During our interview, which has been edited and condensed, Alannah speaks about the importance of thriving marine ecosystems for the Bahamian people and economy, the impact of Hurricane Dorian on her community in Grand Bahama, and what she would like every Bahamian to know about oil exploration and climate change.

Having spent the past decade working in ocean research, Alannah advocates for the importance of thriving marine ecosystems for the Bahamian people and economy 路 Photo credit: Cristina Mittermeier

Kara Jamie Norton (KJN): What sparked your passion for ocean conservation? 

Alannah Vellacott (AV): I grew up in a neighborhood in the middle of a mangrove creek system, so I was always surrounded by ocean life. I had a myriad of marine animals outside my back door. My neighbors were also subsistence fishermen. That was their livelihood. Everything that they made, all of the profits, went to their children going to school, putting food on the table, making sure that the power was on鈥攊t was their main income and they did really well for themselves! I met them and their children at about six years old and I found that they were just as wild and adventurous as I was. Though we understood how important the ocean was to their livelihood, as children, we saw fishing as a whole lot of fun! We would go fishing together any chance we got on the weekends or during holidays. We would get lost in the mangroves and come back covered in mud and fish scales. We would pick up conch and spear fish and crawfish to sell to our neighbours and save up for cool things we wanted, but would never clean out our fishing spots. I learned about the ocean through the lens of a fisherman but understood the concept of saving some for later鈥擨 just didn鈥檛 know that was called conservation.

But I think I really understood what marine conservation was when I got the opportunity to become an Island School student. There was a program, called the Bahamas Environmental Stewards Scholars (BESS) program, that was supported by BREEF, the Bahamas Reef Environment Educational Foundation. They would send Bahamian students to the Island School in Eleuthera and I was selected to be in their second round of students. This program really gave me the chance to channel all the passion I had for being in the ocean and learning about animals into a future career.

Growing up in a neighborhood in the middle of a mangrove creek system, Alannah was always surrounded by ocean life such as nurse sharks 路 Photo credit: Cristina Mittermeier
Alannah would go out fishing with her neighbors on the weekends or during holidays, picking up conch and spearing fish and crawfish 路 Photo credit: Shane Gross / Marine Conservation Institute
It was when Alannah became an Island School student that she really came to channel her passion for the ocean into a future career 路 Photo credit: Alannah Vellacott

KJN: What role does the ocean play in the lives of Bahamians?

AV: The ocean is the backdrop for everything that we do here in The Bahamas. Our main industry is tourism, and people come here to see the sun, the sand, and the sea鈥攂ut the ocean is more than that to Bahamians. Our waters may be considered the world's water park, but to us it is literally our backyard, our kitchen, our doctor鈥檚 office. It is how we've built our lives out of what was left for us post slavery. If you think about the midwestern United States, they are all about farming. They turn the land to make a living. In The Bahamas, we turn our oceans to make a living. The ocean is a part of so many aspects of Bahamian life: medicinal uses, going for a swim to clear your sinuses or to dry up cuts or rashes, everyday items鈥攈ard head sponges for a kitchen sponge, construction material鈥攎ixing sand and ground conch shells into cement, parties, birthdays, baptisms, morning prayer. The ocean is our do all, cure all鈥攐ur go to for everything because it has always been there for us. We need it.

Alannah travels widely throughout The Bahamas and the Caribbean working on projects such as coral restoration 路 Photo credit: Colin Ruggiero

KJN: What served as a catalyst for you to become a climate justice advocate? 

AV: The aftermath of Hurricane Dorian. Seeing so many of my fellow people and their homes swallowed up by Dorian, including my own home.

We as Bahamians are the most vulnerable to climate change. We are climate change refugees. I know that鈥檚 a loaded statement, but we are directly affected by climate change and its effects on coral reef health and weather patterns.

Because of climate change, so many of us have lost our homes or have had to move or sell our property because of hurricanes, because of climate change. A lot of families still have not recovered from Hurricane Dorian. Grand Bahama still does not have island-wide potable water. The volume of seawater that flooded the island was so massive that our wells in the water table were intruded by seawater, contaminants, and sewage. Even a year later it is still undrinkable. A future-proof RO system is currently being constructed, but only time and good environmental stewardship can bring our water table back to its original pristine condition.

The Bahamas is directly affected by climate change, with the devastating results of Hurricane Dorian as proof 路 Photo credit: Cristina Mittermeier

KJN: Why do you choose to stand against oil exploration coming to The Bahamas? 

AV: Like I said, the ocean is the backdrop for everything that we do. It is intimately woven into our culture. It is the story of how we got here, it reminds us of how blessed we are, it brings us peace, comfort, joy, and so many deliciously nostalgic tastes, sights, and sounds. It keeps us fed and protected, it sustains and entertains us.

Oil will take away our ocean and without it, I鈥檓 not sure who we would be as a people. We would be dysfunctional, flavourless, colourless and lost鈥攋ust like the planet would be without its ocean.

Drilling for oil is absolutely a step backwards for the country. Being one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change, a snowballing catastrophe caused by oil consumption, it is totally backwards to support oil exploration! It is removing the hand that feeds us, it is hypocritical. Furthermore, we can鈥檛 be a part of the Paris Climate Agreement and say we鈥檙e interested in investing in agribusiness, sustainable energies and the 鈥渂lue economy鈥 with one mouth, but give a pass for oil with the other. I understand that the current government met this agreement when they came into power, and it was reported that they had no choice but to renew the license. But if you are the leader of a country, you have the power to do whatever is in the best interest of the country. Drilling for oil is not in the best interest of The Bahamas.

KJN: What is your call to action to the Bahamian people? 

AV: The ocean affects each and every Bahamian and visitor, whether directly or indirectly. If you work at a hotel, the tourists come to see the ocean. If you work in a dive shop, remember that the divers come to see the ocean. If you are a fisherman, you need the ocean to provide healthy catch to sell. If you love eating conch salad, grouper fingers, fried fish, you need a healthy ocean to provide that.

Even if you just love sitting on the beach with a drink or going boating on Sundays, it wouldn鈥檛 be the same if those Bahama blues were black. There is no life in oil and when there is a spill, it will take away life.

Though one can practice any religion in The Bahamas, most Bahamians identify as Christians. There is a verse in the Bible states that, 鈥淲e have dominion over nature.鈥 However, I urge Bahamians to interpret this verse as that we are a part a nature and have been charged with the responsibility of its care and its prosperity, that we must take up this responsibility and claim ownership for our oceans. Our ocean takes care of us and we should return the favour for its sake and our own.

For Alannah, it is important that Bahamians take affectionate ownership of their ocean so they can pass it on to future generations 路 Photo credit: Alannah Vellacott
Learn more about Alannah


Coral Restoration Specialist, Coral Vita

Member, Diving With a Purpose


Kara Jamie Norton


Kara Jamie Norton is a contributor to Only One. She is passionate about the intersection of science and social justice and has reported on a range of topics including environmental justice for nail salon workers in New York City, the link between the illegal wildlife trade and Covid-19, and the next generation of female ocean explorers, as well as conducting a series of in-depth interviews with the organizers of the viral online movement #BlackBirdersWeek. Kara holds a BA in journalism and a BSc in environmental studies from New York University.

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